Intellectual Output 3

Output title: Manual for Computational Thinking and Introduction to Coding

Output Type: Learning / teaching / training material – Manual / handbook / guidance material

Description of the intellectual output: Elements of Innovation The training manual will guide lecturers to implement the developed curriculum. This manual will provide core teaching strategies for computational thinking (including pedagogical information and tips about children's learning, their learning motivators, learning style and involvement etc.) along with links to relevant educational resources. This resource will be available in each partner country with reference to relevant National and International Resources. It will be designed to allow local updating as required. In addition this manual will be a reference for any preschool teaching professionals to develop academic researches, course plans, or modules. What matters in the process is "identifying preschool children's acquisitions for computational thinking based on their cognitive development conditions and capabilities at these ages." Teaching strategies will be generated based on these identifications. Moreover, at higher education level, specific research hasn't been done to date "to identify preschool children's acquisitions to gain very basics of computational thinking without computers", even though there are individual teaching practices and successful attempts to teach coding in preschool level in this way. And what is important here is fostering preschool children computational thinking skills a- by providing them with playful activities and engaging games b- by teaching them the way of algorithmic thinking without incarcerating them to screens at these early ages c- by enabling them to have a barrel of fun and play which their age levels require them to do. Expected Impact With this manual, children's computational thinking skills will have been identified at very basic level. Based on these acquisitions teaching strategies will be developed and by using these strategies, preschool teaching undergraduates will be able to design classroom settings to foster targeted skills. With the help of the manual preschool teaching undergraduates will learn how to organize their future classrooms to implement very basics of coding education. They will apply the strategies they learnt and ensure effective and active learning. They will personalize settings where small robots will be programmed by children. They will use/develop carpets, rugs, or foam mats comprised of big puzzle pieces (which can be attachable and detachable in order to increase programming possibilities) done by these undergraduates and by children where robots will be moving; or drawings and landscapes to illustrate the robots stories; or other objects made by children to populate their environments. Transferability Manual refers to general cognitive skills, related acquisitions, and teaching strategies for preschool children between 4-6 ages. Partners will adapt the manual according to their National references for these skills, acquisitions and teaching conditions. Hereby the transferability of the manual will be high.

Leading Organisation: UNIVERSITY OF LATVIA